Light Rail Usage in Phoenix-Prop 105

I’ve gotten a little frustrated about the frivolous arguments regarding the light rail in Phoenix, so here is some data about the light rail usage, comparison to other metro areas, and car purchase data.

As you can see Phoenix has the largest land area of any of the top 10 largest metro areas, and also has the lowest population density.

Total light rail boardings in 2014 were 14,286,093. Total boardings in 2018 were 16,511,814, which is an increase of 2,225,721. During this same time period 280,000 people moved into Maricopa County, and the average household owns 1.5 cars, so that means 420,000 cars on the roads.

Here we see that on average, roughly 5% of households do not own a vehicle.

Conclusion: Since Maricopa County consists of 9200 square miles it’s not feasible to spend 40% of the budget on a light rail that will take 40 years to reach the growing suburbs of the metro area. We have seen rapid growth in areas like Queen Creek and Goodyear which never benefit from the light rail. Although we have seen an increase in annual number of boardings, when compared to the number of times you get in your car each year(420,000 new cars from 2014-2018 x 3 times getting in car each day = 1,260,000 new “car” boardings), this number becomes trivial. Our population density is 4 times smaller than that of Los Angeles County. Thus the light rail is inefficient, irrelevant and a giant waste of money.

Glocked and loaded

Glock: The Rise of America’s Gun

 

Paul M. Barrett

 

2012

 

This novel summarizes the entrance of the Glock into the realm of manufactured firearms in the late 20th century. It delves into the beginnings of Glock and the owner Gaston Glock, who in 1980 was a manager at a radiator factory in Austria, and relates how he gained a contract with the Austrian government to manufacture a pistol.

 

Much of the book enumerates the legal struggles inherent with the gun industry in the 1990s, as well as the accompanying press and publicity that Glock successfully used to its advantage.

 

Throughout this novel you’ll find the fascinating history of Karl Walter, who was one of the first employees of Glock, and who single-handedly marketed the Glock to law enforcement officials in the United States.

 

The gun industry has gone through many shifts since the 1980s, both in the law enforcement industry and in the public sector. This book provides yet another morsel of information regarding the rise of one America’s most popular pistols, and illustrates how the Glock’s popularity is deeply intertwined with America’s gun culture, laws, and politics.

 

I recommend this book for both gun enthusiasts and the average citizen, because it describes the influence of the media on commercial enterprise. However, it’s especially interesting to see the intersection of politics and guns, an issue that seems to always be at the forefront of our minds in the 21st century, when much of the current presidential administration seems to be vociferously engaged in a battle to strengthen gun control laws.

Best,

Ryan Hartwig

 

 

Questions to consider while reading this novel

 

 

Who was a radiator factory manager in 1980 in Austra whose side job was manufacturing curtain rods?

 

 

How old was _________ when he submitted his first patent for firearm design?

 

 

Who did _________ hire to market his gun in the United States?

 

 

What strategies did Glock use to influence the market in the United States?

 

 

Do the names of Glock models correspond to the magazine capacity of their clips?

 

 

Where did ______________ test his first prototypes of the Glock 17?

 

 

Which police department first transitioned to the Glock 17 semiautomatic pistol?

 

 

What was the criteria used by the Austrian government to choose a new pistol for its military?

 

 

Which police force in the U.S. received Glocks in 1989 and then had them replaced in 1994 for new ones at no additional charge?

 

 

What aspect of the Glock 17, never before seen in a pistol, sparked a wave of negative publicity in the late 80s?

 

 

What did early tests by the FBI tell about the Glock 17?

 

 

What are some obvious disadvantages of the Glock 17? Advantages?

 

 

Which Austrian was conscripted into the German military(Wehrmacht) as a teenager during WWII?

 

http://www.amazon.com/dp/0307719936

TOBACCO IS TABOO IN TEMPE

UNIVERSITY SENATE RESTRICTS LAND USAGE IN TEMPE, ARIZONA

Thursday November 15th, 2012

Tempe is a city in Arizona situated in the heart of the Phoenix Metro Valley, surrounded by the cities of Mesa, Phoenix, and Scottsdale.

If you’re familiar with the local political scene, you may know that voters in Arizona, along with Tempe residents, recently voted against a 1% tax hike. In the grand scheme of things, 1% may not seem significant, but as economists and accountants can attest, 1% can make a big difference.

This is why students belonging to Students for Liberty protested yesterday, in response to a ban on smoking enacted by the University Senate at Arizona State University. The University Senate has effectively restricted land usage for 1% of Tempe’s land.

To put the issue of smoking bans in perspective, I’ve compiled some data with regards to college campuses, their campus size, and their proposed smoking bans. Below is a table with a few universities who are interested in or already have banned tobacco on their campus.

SchoolAcresStudent Pop.Current Policy
Missouri State University

1,250

33,000

Designated Areas
Arizona State University

1550

70,000

Building Distance
The City University of New York system

400

480,000

Building Distance
University of Nevada-Las Vegas

337

28,000

Building Distance
Mesa Community College

80

28,000

Tobacco-Free

 

As you can see, Missouri State University is currently on schedule to become tobacco-free. Their current policy consists of designated smoking areas, and they hope to be completely tobacco-free by July 2013.

However, one difference with Missouri is how they arrived at the decision. The undergraduate senate voted on the ban. To my knowledge, the undergraduate government at ASU has not been involved with this decision.

Please get in touch with your undergraduate student government, and express your opinion on this crucial policy.

In my sight, this issue is one of the most significant milestones at ASU ever since that Irish kid became Student Body President for the second time.

Please see the attached spreadsheet for more information and links.

Spreadsheet

TOBACCO TABOO TEMPE

Designated Smoking Locations at Mizzou

smoking-locations_univ missouri

Proposed Ban at ASU’s Tempe Campus

asu_map_tempe_2011_1

FAQS for ASU’s Tobacco Ban

https://students.asu.edu/tobaccofree/faqs

Students for Liberty protest

http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/local/education/article_5c30ba0a-2f46-11e2-8504-001a4bcf887a.html

Student Senate makes the decision

http://www.themaneater.com/stories/2012/3/9/msa-senate-supports-full-smoking-ban-2013/

Given $$$ to implement ban but failed

http://www.citytowninfo.com/career-and-education-news/articles/colleges-implement-tobacco-free-policies-12110201

 

Excerpts

  • The Maricopa County Community College District has made the commitment toward a healthier environment for employees, students and guests. On July 1, 2012, all district colleges and district-owned facilities will become tobacco-free. Although the district has undertaken an expansive educational campaign, including a broad cessation component, we recognize that violations of the regulation will occur.
  • CUNY will become the largest smoke-free public university system in the United States once a broad new policy, approved by the Board of Trustees at the start of the spring semester, goes into full effect over the next year and a half.
  • COLUMBIA – Friday marks the third anniversary of the University of Missouri’s smoking ban prohibiting smoking 20 feet from building entrances, exits, windows and fresh air intake systems. Since then, Mizzou has reverted to a new policy allowing smoking only in designated smoking areas as of July 1 last year. The University of Missouri will be a smoke-free campus on or before July 1, 2013. To begin the transition, as of July 1, 2011, the tobacco use policy allows smoking only at designated outdoor areas inclusive of the entire Columbia campus and all properties owned, operated, leased or controlled by MU.
  • November 2, 2012. Yet, some colleges have had difficulty implementing a total ban. The University of Nevada, Las Vegas, which was given a $450,000 federal grant to develop a tobacco-free campus policy (Tobacco Free UNLV) by the spring 2012, failed to do so, according to The Rebel Yell. Some of the backlash was that the ban was too restrictive and fell to quickly on the heels of a similarly-passed state law. As a result, smoking was banned around four buildings on campus. However, a new group of students, The Student Tobacco Awareness Coalition, has now taken up the cause and has a sole aim of educating students and faculty about the dangers of tobacco use.