When Windows Wear


When was the last time you cleaned your window? If you’ve noticed how clean your window is, you’ve probably noticed the other details around the glass itself: the frame, the curtains, and the sill. However, no matter how many details you add to a window, its form and function remains the same. Its function is to keep the weather outside, and its form consists of the extraneous details, such as the curtains. The window more fully performs its function by being installed correctly. However, in this article I’d like to discuss types of windows, window problems, and common materials used to install windows.

 There are at least seven types of windows, although there are a plethora of variations depending on the region, the climate, and the homebuilder’s aesthetics and personal taste. A double-hung window consists of two rectangular pieces of glass placed in vertical fashion one on top of the other. The inferior portion of glass slides upward in order to open the window. A casement type window is hinged on the left side and swings outward. Windows known as sliding windows do just that: slide, but in a left-to-right motion, and the frames overlap when the window is open. Skylights may not seem to be a type of window, but for the purposes of classification it is easier to group them together with windows as they allow for sunlight to enter the home as do windows. Another variation of window is the awning, not to be confused with the awning or tarp of a building. The awning window opens from the bottom and swings outward, the hinges or point of rotation being at the top of the window. A bay window consists of three separate frames placed horizontally next to each other, with one window in the middle, and two windows on either side, the two side windows angled at 15 degrees to form a concave appearance, protruding outward from the vertical plane of the house wall. A bow window is identical to the bay window in all regards except that it consists of five windows instead of three.

Depending on the climate, your window problems may vary, but could include failed glazing, cracked glass, damaged screening, broken metal sash, deteriorated brickmold, failed wood sash, and deteriorated window sill.

Installing a window requires specialized material. A few key materials include exterior wood filler, glazing compound and siliconized acrylic caulk, in addition to wood glue, glazier’s points, and roll-type window glazing.

Before closing, I’d like to mention that the window is a three-part system that adds light and ventilation to your home.

In review, we’ve covered seven types of windows, some common window installation materials, along with some common window problems.


Yours truly,


Ryan Hartwig


MultiConsult LLC


Sources for this article include the book titled Exterior Home Repairs published by the Handyman Club of America

12301 Whitewater Drive

Minnetonka, Minnesota 55343




Thin Thresholds, Delightful Doors

Thin Thresholds, Delightful Doors


Did you know that the revolving door was invented in 1888 by Philadelphia native Theophilus van Kannel? The revolving door is now commonly used in skyscrapers because it reduces the amount of noise that enters the building and serves as an airlock to drive down heating costs, in addition to preventing collisions between passers-by. Just as the revolving door offers benefits to the skyscraper, so do home doors offer protection for the conscientious homeowner. I would like to review today some basic door types, purposes of a door, threshold types, and elements of the door system.

Doors come in many shapes and sizes, and are adapted to suit various purposes. Garage doors, storm doors, and sliding doors are just a few variations of doors.

The purpose of a door is two-fold: as a passageway permitting entry into a space or location, and as a deterrent to the inclemency of the weather. Delving deeper into the latter purpose, we know that a door reduces air transfer and eliminates pest entry points. With regards to the former, weatherstripping, thresholds, and sills are all crucial elements to keeping the entryway maintained and usable.

The threshold of a door is the raised bump (much like a miniature speed bump) that is located under the edge of the door. The threshold ensures a tight fit between the door and the floor, preventing any uninvited pests from entering, as well as stopping air flow. There are at least five types of thresholds: wood (oak), combination (wood and metal), aluminum (non-adjustable), aluminum (adjustable), and combination (sill/threshold).

The wood (oak) threshold is simply a piece of wood shaped in the form of a half-hexagon, but with interior angles greater than one hundred and twenty degrees.  

The combination (wood and metal) threshold consists of a metal ramp for the exterior side (the side facing the extremities), followed by a half-cylindrical rubber gasket, followed by a wooden mini-ramp which faces into the inside of the home.

The aluminum (non-adjustable) threshold and aluminum (adjustable) thresholds both perform essentially the same function, and the author of this article is baffled as to the difference between non-adjustable and adjustable.

The combination (sill/threshold) consists of a low-gradient mini-ramp made of metal placed above a piece of wood which acts as the sill.

The door sill is the piece of wood directly underneath the entryway which acts as a platform for the entryway or doorway.

The elements of a door, thus far covered, are the door sill, the door threshold, and the door itself.

The last aspect of the door system worth mentioning is the brick molding, which is: the trim surrounding the door, often profiled, miter-cut, which fits between the door frame and the siding.

To summarize, a few elements of doors have been detailed, along with threshold types, the purposes of a door, and door types.


Yours truly,


Ryan Hartwig


MultiConsult LLC


Sources for this article include the book titled Exterior Home Repairs published by the Handyman Club of America

12301 Whitewater Drive

Minnetonka, Minnesota 55343


Note: the patent mentioned in the first paragraph is patent number 641,543 issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office on January 16, 1900.

Enforcement of Smoking Ban

In the Mesa Community College District, the use of tobacco products has been banned, and a violation of this policy constitutes a breach of the student code of  conduct.

At Arizona State University, it is hoped that community enforcement will be enough to deter smokers on campus. However, there is mention of disciplinary action for those who violate university policy.

At the University of Minnesota-Duluth, you can become a “supporter” to enforce their complete ban on tobacco. http://www.d.umn.edu/breathefree/



Dear Mayor of Jerome, Arizona

How would you respond if Gov. Jan Brewer banned the use of tobacco in your town?

Comparing ASU campus size to cities and malls
Location Acres Square Miles
Sun Devil Fitness Complex-Intramural Fields 7 0.01094
Arizona Mills Mall 56 0.0875
MCC-Dobson and Southern Campus 81 0.13
Tempe Marketplace 83 0.13
Chandler Fashion Center 108 0.17
Harvard University 210 0.328125
ASU-Tempe Campus 223 0.3484
ASU-West Campus 250 0.390625
Jerome, Arizona 448 0.7
ASU-Polytechnic Campus 600 0.9375
Northern Arizona University 840 1.3125
Papago Park 1200 1.875
Wilcox, Arizona 3904 6.1
Sedona, Arizona 11456 17.9
Tempe, Arizona 25728 40.2
Mesa, Arizona 85120 133



Thursday November 15th, 2012

Tempe is a city in Arizona situated in the heart of the Phoenix Metro Valley, surrounded by the cities of Mesa, Phoenix, and Scottsdale.

If you’re familiar with the local political scene, you may know that voters in Arizona, along with Tempe residents, recently voted against a 1% tax hike. In the grand scheme of things, 1% may not seem significant, but as economists and accountants can attest, 1% can make a big difference.

This is why students belonging to Students for Liberty protested yesterday, in response to a ban on smoking enacted by the University Senate at Arizona State University. The University Senate has effectively restricted land usage for 1% of Tempe’s land.

To put the issue of smoking bans in perspective, I’ve compiled some data with regards to college campuses, their campus size, and their proposed smoking bans. Below is a table with a few universities who are interested in or already have banned tobacco on their campus.

School Acres Student Pop. Current Policy
Missouri State University



Designated Areas
Arizona State University



Building Distance
The City University of New York system



Building Distance
University of Nevada-Las Vegas



Building Distance
Mesa Community College





As you can see, Missouri State University is currently on schedule to become tobacco-free. Their current policy consists of designated smoking areas, and they hope to be completely tobacco-free by July 2013.

However, one difference with Missouri is how they arrived at the decision. The undergraduate senate voted on the ban. To my knowledge, the undergraduate government at ASU has not been involved with this decision.

Please get in touch with your undergraduate student government, and express your opinion on this crucial policy.

In my sight, this issue is one of the most significant milestones at ASU ever since that Irish kid became Student Body President for the second time.

Please see the attached spreadsheet for more information and links.



Designated Smoking Locations at Mizzou

smoking-locations_univ missouri

Proposed Ban at ASU’s Tempe Campus


FAQS for ASU’s Tobacco Ban


Students for Liberty protest


Student Senate makes the decision


Given $$$ to implement ban but failed




  • The Maricopa County Community College District has made the commitment toward a healthier environment for employees, students and guests. On July 1, 2012, all district colleges and district-owned facilities will become tobacco-free. Although the district has undertaken an expansive educational campaign, including a broad cessation component, we recognize that violations of the regulation will occur.
  • CUNY will become the largest smoke-free public university system in the United States once a broad new policy, approved by the Board of Trustees at the start of the spring semester, goes into full effect over the next year and a half.
  • COLUMBIA – Friday marks the third anniversary of the University of Missouri’s smoking ban prohibiting smoking 20 feet from building entrances, exits, windows and fresh air intake systems. Since then, Mizzou has reverted to a new policy allowing smoking only in designated smoking areas as of July 1 last year. The University of Missouri will be a smoke-free campus on or before July 1, 2013. To begin the transition, as of July 1, 2011, the tobacco use policy allows smoking only at designated outdoor areas inclusive of the entire Columbia campus and all properties owned, operated, leased or controlled by MU.
  • November 2, 2012. Yet, some colleges have had difficulty implementing a total ban. The University of Nevada, Las Vegas, which was given a $450,000 federal grant to develop a tobacco-free campus policy (Tobacco Free UNLV) by the spring 2012, failed to do so, according to The Rebel Yell. Some of the backlash was that the ban was too restrictive and fell to quickly on the heels of a similarly-passed state law. As a result, smoking was banned around four buildings on campus. However, a new group of students, The Student Tobacco Awareness Coalition, has now taken up the cause and has a sole aim of educating students and faculty about the dangers of tobacco use.

A Mistooken Mishap

A Mistooken Mishap


By Ryan Hartwig

Written February 2012 


When on a lovely summer day,

As you upon your hammock lay,

I brought some flowers for you to smell.


But as I came walking,

You rocked and from your hammock fell.


I gasped and dropped those flowers three,

And ran to help but all I could see,


Was another face, not your own,

Your face I had mistaken.


There was no fence and I got lost,

And mistook her face for you.


The lady accepted my kindly help,

And then I said to her “welp”,


“You’re not the one I had in mind,

But I hope you wouldn’t mind,


Pointing me in the direction of the one I came for,

You see, I get lost all the time.”


She slapped me on the cheek five times,

And with an angry look she said.


“Noé you silly little boy, you think me a decoy?!

I landed on my face so hard,

Some parts swapped places, and now I’m me,

Except with a different set-up.


So since you’ve helped me get up,

And now that I’ve already sat up.


If you wouldn’t mind, I’d like to smell,

Those beautiful roses three.”

Monja Salva La Vida de…


Monja Salva Las Vidas de 4 Heridos en Horrible Accidente

Por Ryan Hartwig

Ayer Lunes, debido a las lluvias intensas en la ciudad de México, chocó un carro con un autobús, dejando a cuatro heridos. La calle estaba sola, y la única testigo era la monja María de Jesús. Si no fuere por ella, estas cuatro personas estarían muertas. Uno de ellos, el carpintero Sr. Pablo, dijo, “Gracias a María, sigo clavando clavitos en las calvas de los calvitos”.

El accidente sucedió en la esquina de la Avenida Reyes Católicos y la Calle Alfonso XII. María de Jesús estaba limpiando las ventanas de la catedral cuando vio el accidente.

Las autoridades todavía no saben quien fue culpable, el conductor del carro o del autobús. Los cuatro heridos están en el hospital recuperándose, y uno está muy grave.

“Periódico Imparcial” Sept. 9 2009


Inevitables Consequencias: El Tabaquismo


Inevitables consecuencias

Estuve tecleando en la computadora en la biblioteca de Noble, cuando oí una conversación entre dos estudiantes. Uno le preguntó si tenía un cigarro. Su amigo respondió, “Sí, aquí está. No sabía que fumabas”. Este acontecimiento puede servir de muestra del gran número de fumadores. Hay más de tres mil nuevos fumadores cada día en los estados unidos, según netwellness.org (Netwellness).Muchos son jóvenes, que se sienten atraídos de hacer algo intrépido. Otras son mujeres que prueban marcas de cigarros con nombres como “slims”, o “lites”. Un gran número son miembros de ciertos grupos étnicos, y empiezan a fumar para sentirse parte de su cultura. Muchos empiezan, pero es bien difícil para dejar de fumar. Ya que hayan empezado, están expuestos a un gran número de dificultades y consecuencias no favorables. Podemos observar que para fumar, requiere tiempo. El tiempo sólo es una de las muchas consecuencias de fumar. Otras consecuencias incluyen el cáncer, y el costo, tanto para las empresas como para los individuos.

Personas en todo el mundo toman un pequeño descanso para que fumen. La consecuencia del tiempo es una de las consecuencias menos visibles, pero nos afecta mucho. Jeremia Froyland ha hecho algunas calculaciones y el resultado es sorprendente. Después de un año de fumar, una persona gasta más de quince días. Además de perder tiempo inmediato, también se reduce la longevidad de la vida. Según “The Independent”, por cada cigarro que se fuma, se pierden once días de vida (Independent). Para un fumador regular, esto resultaría en seis años y medio menos de vida. En el trabajo también se requiere un descanso para fumar, y aún se pagan los empleados para este tiempo. Tiempo representa dinero, y hay un gran costo relacionado con el fumar para los individuos y las empresas.

En un libro titulado, “The Price of Smoking”, los autores hablan del efecto financiero que un paquete de cigarros tiene para una persona, su familia, y la sociedad. El costo para una mujer de 24 años es $86.000 al transcurso de su vida, y $183.000 para un hombre. Si incluimos los costos de las enfermedades, y de tratamiento médico, el costo para cada paquete de cigarros es cuarenta dólares (The Price of Smoking). En la vida de una persona, el costo es enorme. Sin embargo, para las empresas, el costo es aún mayor. De hecho, el fumar quizá sea la razón por la cual no le contratan a uno. El “Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicina” reporta sobre la pérdida de productividad en las empresas debido al tabaquismo. El resultado de su estudio demuestra que fumadores actuales perdieron más días en el trabajo y eran menos productivos que fumadores anteriores y no fumadores. El promedio de pérdida de productividad anual era 2623 para no fumadores, 3246 para fumadores anteriores, y 4430 para fumadores actuales (Journal of Occupational…). Tal evidencia señala la imprescindible importancia de este hábito tan destructivo. Si el tiempo y el dinero fueran las únicas dos consecuencias, sería una adicción terrible, pero el tabaquismo también arrebata la salud.

Según “smokingstatistics.org”, el fumar causa 30% de todas las muertes debidas al cáncer en los estados unidos. Los hombres que fuman son veintitrés veces más probables de tener cáncer de los pulmones, y las mujeres son trece veces más probables de enfermarse de lo mismo. El fumar causa 87% de las muertes debidas al cáncer pulmonaria. Estas estadísticas nos sirven de educar, y también esperemos que prevengan que más humanos empiecen en el ciclo adictivo del tabaquismo. Las consecuencias del dinero, la salud, y el tiempo nos pueden convencer, e inspirar para reducir el número de fumadores en nuestro mundo.



Obras Citadas

40 Reasons to Support Gun Control.” attrition.org. April 13 2009 <http://journals.lww.com/joem/pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2006&issue=10000&article=00018&type=abstract>.

“Bad Ideas, Not Guns, Kill People.” March 11 2000. Capmag.com. April 13 2009 <http://www.smokingstatistics.org/smoking_and_cancer_Know_the_Facts.asp>.

“Common Sense About Kids and Guns”. April 13 2009 <http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?tid=10298&ttype=2>

“Common Sense About Kids and Guns”. April 13 2009

< http://jeremiafroyland.com/time-management/the-impact-of-smoking-on-your-time/>


“Common Sense About Kids and Guns”. April 13 2009

< http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/smokers-lose-11-minutes-for-each-cigarette-738122.html>

“Common Sense About Kids and Guns”. April 13 2009

< http://www.sacsconsulting.com/newscenter.asp?Command=ReadArticle&ID=163 >

“Common Sense About Kids and Guns”. April 13 2009




Piggies and Plea Bargains


Piggies and Plea Bargains



Excerpt from The Arizona Republic, September 23, 2010


UNITED NATIONS – President Barack Obama unveiled to world leaders on Wednesday a new plan for distributing U.S. aid to struggling nations, promising to ‘change the way we do business’ by putting a new focus on self-reliance and market forces to create a path out of poverty.”

The United States’ aim is not to simply dole out aid but to create ‘the conditions where assistance is no longer needed,’ Obama said in comments at the United Nations. The program will reward countries willing to cooperate in their own improvement, he said.”

The idea of helping countries become more self-sufficient is great, but as they say in Mexico, “Del dicho al hecho hay mucho trecho” (It’s easier said than done). Effectively providing foreign aid requires an understanding of the culture and leveraging non-profit organizations.

Understanding the target culture is essential in providing foreign aid. Misconceptions, misunderstandings, and misinformation all contribute to failed efforts to help those in need, which is why foreign aid necessitates much more than reading a textbook about the country in need, or simply asking a native’s opinion. A paradigm shift is crucial to our comprehension of the unique way of life which will be affected through our philanthropy.

Legal systems give us an idea of the vast differences that exist between cultures. The U.S. legal system is very unique, and differs greatly from those in Europe and Latin America. Consequently, legal terms such as “plea agreement” simply do not have a cultural equivalent. There is no concept for “plea agreement” in Spanish, and thus we can’t adequately convey (in Spanish) this commonplace negotiation between the lawyers, judge, and defendant. Besides law, there are many untranslatable topics such as food, expressions, and lifestyles. The result of this inability to communicate ideas brings confusion and misinterpretation.

Due to these cultural differences, it’s essential to work with pre-existing groups within the target country. Unless the purpose of the foreign aid is purely political in nature, the U.S. should deal with charitable organizations and churches to achieve the desired self-sufficiency.

There are two advantages to working through trusted in-country organizations. First, they understand how to market to the target culture, and secondly, they know how to reach the correct population. In the same way that Wal-Mart or McDonalds adjusts its marketing strategies from country to country, foreign aid projects must be adjusted according to cultural factors. For example, which local residents hear about the job skills workshop, and do they have the transportation to get there? There may be facilities available, but if the event is far away, unappealing, or unknown, then the aid money is being misused.

A perfect illustration of working within an existing institution, or program piggybacking, is the Perpetual Education Fund of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. This is a program designed to improve the lives of members of the church through education and better employment. Basically, young adults who are active church members can apply through the local clergy, obtain an education, and repay the loan. This is a great example of how the church implemented a project within their existing infrastructure.

In summary, we must understand the culture and piggyback existing programs in order to maximize our foreign aid efforts. Through these methods we can hope to achieve self-sufficiency for as many as possible.

The Arizona Republic http://www.azcentral.com/news/articles/2010/09/23/20100923obama0923.html#ixzz10vMZlEc0


The Perpetual Education Fund