Call me back

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So I was speaking to a spanish-speaker on the phone yesterday, and he asked if I could call him back. But what he said was, “puedes marcarme para atrás”. The correct way of saying “call me back” in Spanish is “me puedes marcar más tarde”, or maybe even “me llamas después, no?”

call me = marcarme

back = atrás

 

What mistake did the caller make?

The phrase he used is grammatically correct in Spanish, but is a marked collocation, which is “an unusual combination of words, one that challenges our expectations as hearers or readers” (51, Mona Baker). An example in English would be to say, “Peace broke out in the middle east, after years of intense negotiations”.

I guess you could say that he borrowed an English expression, and back-translated it into Spanish. Back-translation means translating something as literally as possible, in order to understand the syntax, morphology, and lexicology of the unknown language.

But why did he use the word atrás for back, instead of using espalda?

espalda = back (body part)

 

What he should have said

Call my back right now, it hurts and needs some IcyHot.

Call me “Back”, as in Back to the Future. Is that Marty McFly’s nickname: Back? My name is Back, and I’m Back from the future (kind of like Phil of the future, but Back).

 

What he did

By applying an English expression to Spanish, he unknowingly perpetuated a “new network of lexical relations”(Baker, 207).

“Without our being aware of it, each occurrence of a lexical item carries with it its own textual history, a particular collocational environment that has been built up in the course of the creation of the text and that will provide the context within which the item will be incarnated on this particular occasion” (Baker, 205).

In other words, dude, if I say dude in the middle of the sentence, then it might change how it’s used in the future. Dude, but if I use it at the beginning of the sentence, then dude, we can use it everywhere! Dude, how did you know I was from California? Oh yeah, it’s in my textual history.

 

Why he doesn’t make sense

Because if he said that in Mexico City, they would think he’s a Gringo. Additionally, the phrase “puedes marcarme para atrás” has no macro text reliability, that is, it doesn’t fit with what’s been written and spoken in the Spanish language. However, the phrase does have micro text reliability, because it makes sense grammatically.

His phrase may or may not be coherent, depending on where he lives.

“The coherence of a text is a result of the interaction between knowledge presented in the text and the reader’s own knowledge and experience of the world…” (Baker, 219)

So if my Latino friend uses the phrase with other people, and they understand him, then the phrase is coherent for those speaking Spanish in Arizona.

 

Fun Terminology

See my wicked powerpoint Prezi about different types of translation.

http://prezi.com/01btygjbrzks/translation-techniques-word-for-word-or-sense-for-sense/

Metaphrase Translation or translation by dictionary: Looking up each word, one at a time. “Turning an author word by word, and line by line, from one language into another” (Bassnet, 64).

Paraphrase Translation, or sense for sense translation: Not tying yourself to the grammar of the source text, but focusing on conveying the same meaning. “Translation with latitude, the Ciceronian ‘sense for sense’ view of translation” (Bassnet, 64).

Imitation Translation, or propaganda translation: useful for oppressing conquered cultures, or for poetry. “Where the translator can abandon the text of the original as he sees fit” (Bassnet, 64).

Cohesion: network of surface relations which link words and expressions. Stretches of language are connected to each other by virtue of lexical and grammatical dependencies (Baker, 218).

Coherence: network of relations which organize and create a text. Underlying semantic relations which establish continuity ofsense (Baker, 218, 219).

Marked Collocation– an unusual combination of words, one that challenges our expectations as hearers or readers” (51, Baker)

 

Cited Books

In Other Words, a Coursebook on Translation, by Mona Baker

Translation Studies by Susan Bassnet, third edition.

 

Additional info from a friend of mine:

I might also add that “para atrás” is also used in other regional dialects of Spanish… Florida, Caribbean islands, U.S. Mexican border, Spanish in NYC area, CA… It’s still prescriptively incorrect grammar in Spanish according to Real Academic Española I think, but it has become accepted grammar in the descriptive view.

 

Next topic: how to say “I’ll follow up with you” in Spanish.

 

Mexican Government to Illegal Aliens: Prepare your documents and don’t lower your guard

On Saturday February 21st, 2015, a community forum was held at Alhambra High School in Phoenix, Arizona for undocumented immigrants to organize and learn about DACA and DAPA. A few of the organizations present were Fuente, CASE, the Arizona DREAM Act Coalition. The speakers explained how President Obama would attempt an emergency appeal to reverse the Texas court’s decision from last week, and that Monday would be when they would appeal. If not, then the appeal process would be another 6 to 8 months.

Felix, with the Mexican Consulate, spoke about the fact that the consulate can now provide birth certificates at the consulate without having to go to Mexico. He told the audience to prepare their documents for their DACA or DAPA application and to not lower their guard.

Towards the end their was a ra ra ra speech and they chanted “si se puede”.

I’ve attached some photos and sound bites of the meeting. Roughly 100 individuals attended.

Glocked and loaded

Glock: The Rise of America’s Gun

 

Paul M. Barrett

 

2012

 

This novel summarizes the entrance of the Glock into the realm of manufactured firearms in the late 20th century. It delves into the beginnings of Glock and the owner Gaston Glock, who in 1980 was a manager at a radiator factory in Austria, and relates how he gained a contract with the Austrian government to manufacture a pistol.

 

Much of the book enumerates the legal struggles inherent with the gun industry in the 1990s, as well as the accompanying press and publicity that Glock successfully used to its advantage.

 

Throughout this novel you’ll find the fascinating history of Karl Walter, who was one of the first employees of Glock, and who single-handedly marketed the Glock to law enforcement officials in the United States.

 

The gun industry has gone through many shifts since the 1980s, both in the law enforcement industry and in the public sector. This book provides yet another morsel of information regarding the rise of one America’s most popular pistols, and illustrates how the Glock’s popularity is deeply intertwined with America’s gun culture, laws, and politics.

 

I recommend this book for both gun enthusiasts and the average citizen, because it describes the influence of the media on commercial enterprise. However, it’s especially interesting to see the intersection of politics and guns, an issue that seems to always be at the forefront of our minds in the 21st century, when much of the current presidential administration seems to be vociferously engaged in a battle to strengthen gun control laws.

Best,

Ryan Hartwig

 

 

Questions to consider while reading this novel

 

 

Who was a radiator factory manager in 1980 in Austra whose side job was manufacturing curtain rods?

 

 

How old was _________ when he submitted his first patent for firearm design?

 

 

Who did _________ hire to market his gun in the United States?

 

 

What strategies did Glock use to influence the market in the United States?

 

 

Do the names of Glock models correspond to the magazine capacity of their clips?

 

 

Where did ______________ test his first prototypes of the Glock 17?

 

 

Which police department first transitioned to the Glock 17 semiautomatic pistol?

 

 

What was the criteria used by the Austrian government to choose a new pistol for its military?

 

 

Which police force in the U.S. received Glocks in 1989 and then had them replaced in 1994 for new ones at no additional charge?

 

 

What aspect of the Glock 17, never before seen in a pistol, sparked a wave of negative publicity in the late 80s?

 

 

What did early tests by the FBI tell about the Glock 17?

 

 

What are some obvious disadvantages of the Glock 17? Advantages?

 

 

Which Austrian was conscripted into the German military(Wehrmacht) as a teenager during WWII?

 

http://www.amazon.com/dp/0307719936

un té de limonada

Recientemente fui a una carnicería en Phoenix donde conozco el carnicero. Entré y él me dijo “¿¡que! me vas a disparar!?”

Entonces  yo le dije “No, porque no soy narco”. 

  El me dijo “bueno, entonces cómprame un té de limonada”. 

When Windows Wear

 

When was the last time you cleaned your window? If you’ve noticed how clean your window is, you’ve probably noticed the other details around the glass itself: the frame, the curtains, and the sill. However, no matter how many details you add to a window, its form and function remains the same. Its function is to keep the weather outside, and its form consists of the extraneous details, such as the curtains. The window more fully performs its function by being installed correctly. However, in this article I’d like to discuss types of windows, window problems, and common materials used to install windows.

 There are at least seven types of windows, although there are a plethora of variations depending on the region, the climate, and the homebuilder’s aesthetics and personal taste. A double-hung window consists of two rectangular pieces of glass placed in vertical fashion one on top of the other. The inferior portion of glass slides upward in order to open the window. A casement type window is hinged on the left side and swings outward. Windows known as sliding windows do just that: slide, but in a left-to-right motion, and the frames overlap when the window is open. Skylights may not seem to be a type of window, but for the purposes of classification it is easier to group them together with windows as they allow for sunlight to enter the home as do windows. Another variation of window is the awning, not to be confused with the awning or tarp of a building. The awning window opens from the bottom and swings outward, the hinges or point of rotation being at the top of the window. A bay window consists of three separate frames placed horizontally next to each other, with one window in the middle, and two windows on either side, the two side windows angled at 15 degrees to form a concave appearance, protruding outward from the vertical plane of the house wall. A bow window is identical to the bay window in all regards except that it consists of five windows instead of three.

Depending on the climate, your window problems may vary, but could include failed glazing, cracked glass, damaged screening, broken metal sash, deteriorated brickmold, failed wood sash, and deteriorated window sill.

Installing a window requires specialized material. A few key materials include exterior wood filler, glazing compound and siliconized acrylic caulk, in addition to wood glue, glazier’s points, and roll-type window glazing.

Before closing, I’d like to mention that the window is a three-part system that adds light and ventilation to your home.

In review, we’ve covered seven types of windows, some common window installation materials, along with some common window problems.

 

Yours truly,

 

Ryan Hartwig

www.ryanhartwig.org

MultiConsult LLC

 

Sources for this article include the book titled Exterior Home Repairs published by the Handyman Club of America

12301 Whitewater Drive

Minnetonka, Minnesota 55343

 

 

 

Thin Thresholds, Delightful Doors

Thin Thresholds, Delightful Doors

 

Did you know that the revolving door was invented in 1888 by Philadelphia native Theophilus van Kannel? The revolving door is now commonly used in skyscrapers because it reduces the amount of noise that enters the building and serves as an airlock to drive down heating costs, in addition to preventing collisions between passers-by. Just as the revolving door offers benefits to the skyscraper, so do home doors offer protection for the conscientious homeowner. I would like to review today some basic door types, purposes of a door, threshold types, and elements of the door system.

Doors come in many shapes and sizes, and are adapted to suit various purposes. Garage doors, storm doors, and sliding doors are just a few variations of doors.

The purpose of a door is two-fold: as a passageway permitting entry into a space or location, and as a deterrent to the inclemency of the weather. Delving deeper into the latter purpose, we know that a door reduces air transfer and eliminates pest entry points. With regards to the former, weatherstripping, thresholds, and sills are all crucial elements to keeping the entryway maintained and usable.

The threshold of a door is the raised bump (much like a miniature speed bump) that is located under the edge of the door. The threshold ensures a tight fit between the door and the floor, preventing any uninvited pests from entering, as well as stopping air flow. There are at least five types of thresholds: wood (oak), combination (wood and metal), aluminum (non-adjustable), aluminum (adjustable), and combination (sill/threshold).

The wood (oak) threshold is simply a piece of wood shaped in the form of a half-hexagon, but with interior angles greater than one hundred and twenty degrees.  

The combination (wood and metal) threshold consists of a metal ramp for the exterior side (the side facing the extremities), followed by a half-cylindrical rubber gasket, followed by a wooden mini-ramp which faces into the inside of the home.

The aluminum (non-adjustable) threshold and aluminum (adjustable) thresholds both perform essentially the same function, and the author of this article is baffled as to the difference between non-adjustable and adjustable.

The combination (sill/threshold) consists of a low-gradient mini-ramp made of metal placed above a piece of wood which acts as the sill.

The door sill is the piece of wood directly underneath the entryway which acts as a platform for the entryway or doorway.

The elements of a door, thus far covered, are the door sill, the door threshold, and the door itself.

The last aspect of the door system worth mentioning is the brick molding, which is: the trim surrounding the door, often profiled, miter-cut, which fits between the door frame and the siding.

To summarize, a few elements of doors have been detailed, along with threshold types, the purposes of a door, and door types.

 

Yours truly,

 

Ryan Hartwig

www.ryanhartwig.org

MultiConsult LLC

 

Sources for this article include the book titled Exterior Home Repairs published by the Handyman Club of America

12301 Whitewater Drive

Minnetonka, Minnesota 55343

 

Note: the patent mentioned in the first paragraph is patent number 641,543 issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office on January 16, 1900.