Dear Mayor of Jerome, Arizona

How would you respond if Gov. Jan Brewer banned the use of tobacco in your town?

Comparing ASU campus size to cities and malls
Location Acres Square Miles
Sun Devil Fitness Complex-Intramural Fields 7 0.01094
Arizona Mills Mall 56 0.0875
MCC-Dobson and Southern Campus 81 0.13
Tempe Marketplace 83 0.13
Chandler Fashion Center 108 0.17
Harvard University 210 0.328125
ASU-Tempe Campus 223 0.3484
ASU-West Campus 250 0.390625
Jerome, Arizona 448 0.7
ASU-Polytechnic Campus 600 0.9375
Northern Arizona University 840 1.3125
Papago Park 1200 1.875
Wilcox, Arizona 3904 6.1
Sedona, Arizona 11456 17.9
Tempe, Arizona 25728 40.2
Mesa, Arizona 85120 133

TOBACCO IS TABOO IN TEMPE

UNIVERSITY SENATE RESTRICTS LAND USAGE IN TEMPE, ARIZONA

Thursday November 15th, 2012

Tempe is a city in Arizona situated in the heart of the Phoenix Metro Valley, surrounded by the cities of Mesa, Phoenix, and Scottsdale.

If you’re familiar with the local political scene, you may know that voters in Arizona, along with Tempe residents, recently voted against a 1% tax hike. In the grand scheme of things, 1% may not seem significant, but as economists and accountants can attest, 1% can make a big difference.

This is why students belonging to Students for Liberty protested yesterday, in response to a ban on smoking enacted by the University Senate at Arizona State University. The University Senate has effectively restricted land usage for 1% of Tempe’s land.

To put the issue of smoking bans in perspective, I’ve compiled some data with regards to college campuses, their campus size, and their proposed smoking bans. Below is a table with a few universities who are interested in or already have banned tobacco on their campus.

School Acres Student Pop. Current Policy
Missouri State University

1,250

33,000

Designated Areas
Arizona State University

1550

70,000

Building Distance
The City University of New York system

400

480,000

Building Distance
University of Nevada-Las Vegas

337

28,000

Building Distance
Mesa Community College

80

28,000

Tobacco-Free

 

As you can see, Missouri State University is currently on schedule to become tobacco-free. Their current policy consists of designated smoking areas, and they hope to be completely tobacco-free by July 2013.

However, one difference with Missouri is how they arrived at the decision. The undergraduate senate voted on the ban. To my knowledge, the undergraduate government at ASU has not been involved with this decision.

Please get in touch with your undergraduate student government, and express your opinion on this crucial policy.

In my sight, this issue is one of the most significant milestones at ASU ever since that Irish kid became Student Body President for the second time.

Please see the attached spreadsheet for more information and links.

Spreadsheet

TOBACCO TABOO TEMPE

Designated Smoking Locations at Mizzou

smoking-locations_univ missouri

Proposed Ban at ASU’s Tempe Campus

asu_map_tempe_2011_1

FAQS for ASU’s Tobacco Ban

https://students.asu.edu/tobaccofree/faqs

Students for Liberty protest

http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/local/education/article_5c30ba0a-2f46-11e2-8504-001a4bcf887a.html

Student Senate makes the decision

http://www.themaneater.com/stories/2012/3/9/msa-senate-supports-full-smoking-ban-2013/

Given $$$ to implement ban but failed

http://www.citytowninfo.com/career-and-education-news/articles/colleges-implement-tobacco-free-policies-12110201

 

Excerpts

  • The Maricopa County Community College District has made the commitment toward a healthier environment for employees, students and guests. On July 1, 2012, all district colleges and district-owned facilities will become tobacco-free. Although the district has undertaken an expansive educational campaign, including a broad cessation component, we recognize that violations of the regulation will occur.
  • CUNY will become the largest smoke-free public university system in the United States once a broad new policy, approved by the Board of Trustees at the start of the spring semester, goes into full effect over the next year and a half.
  • COLUMBIA – Friday marks the third anniversary of the University of Missouri’s smoking ban prohibiting smoking 20 feet from building entrances, exits, windows and fresh air intake systems. Since then, Mizzou has reverted to a new policy allowing smoking only in designated smoking areas as of July 1 last year. The University of Missouri will be a smoke-free campus on or before July 1, 2013. To begin the transition, as of July 1, 2011, the tobacco use policy allows smoking only at designated outdoor areas inclusive of the entire Columbia campus and all properties owned, operated, leased or controlled by MU.
  • November 2, 2012. Yet, some colleges have had difficulty implementing a total ban. The University of Nevada, Las Vegas, which was given a $450,000 federal grant to develop a tobacco-free campus policy (Tobacco Free UNLV) by the spring 2012, failed to do so, according to The Rebel Yell. Some of the backlash was that the ban was too restrictive and fell to quickly on the heels of a similarly-passed state law. As a result, smoking was banned around four buildings on campus. However, a new group of students, The Student Tobacco Awareness Coalition, has now taken up the cause and has a sole aim of educating students and faculty about the dangers of tobacco use.

Inevitables Consequencias: El Tabaquismo

 

Inevitables consecuencias

Estuve tecleando en la computadora en la biblioteca de Noble, cuando oí una conversación entre dos estudiantes. Uno le preguntó si tenía un cigarro. Su amigo respondió, “Sí, aquí está. No sabía que fumabas”. Este acontecimiento puede servir de muestra del gran número de fumadores. Hay más de tres mil nuevos fumadores cada día en los estados unidos, según netwellness.org (Netwellness).Muchos son jóvenes, que se sienten atraídos de hacer algo intrépido. Otras son mujeres que prueban marcas de cigarros con nombres como “slims”, o “lites”. Un gran número son miembros de ciertos grupos étnicos, y empiezan a fumar para sentirse parte de su cultura. Muchos empiezan, pero es bien difícil para dejar de fumar. Ya que hayan empezado, están expuestos a un gran número de dificultades y consecuencias no favorables. Podemos observar que para fumar, requiere tiempo. El tiempo sólo es una de las muchas consecuencias de fumar. Otras consecuencias incluyen el cáncer, y el costo, tanto para las empresas como para los individuos.

Personas en todo el mundo toman un pequeño descanso para que fumen. La consecuencia del tiempo es una de las consecuencias menos visibles, pero nos afecta mucho. Jeremia Froyland ha hecho algunas calculaciones y el resultado es sorprendente. Después de un año de fumar, una persona gasta más de quince días. Además de perder tiempo inmediato, también se reduce la longevidad de la vida. Según “The Independent”, por cada cigarro que se fuma, se pierden once días de vida (Independent). Para un fumador regular, esto resultaría en seis años y medio menos de vida. En el trabajo también se requiere un descanso para fumar, y aún se pagan los empleados para este tiempo. Tiempo representa dinero, y hay un gran costo relacionado con el fumar para los individuos y las empresas.

En un libro titulado, “The Price of Smoking”, los autores hablan del efecto financiero que un paquete de cigarros tiene para una persona, su familia, y la sociedad. El costo para una mujer de 24 años es $86.000 al transcurso de su vida, y $183.000 para un hombre. Si incluimos los costos de las enfermedades, y de tratamiento médico, el costo para cada paquete de cigarros es cuarenta dólares (The Price of Smoking). En la vida de una persona, el costo es enorme. Sin embargo, para las empresas, el costo es aún mayor. De hecho, el fumar quizá sea la razón por la cual no le contratan a uno. El “Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicina” reporta sobre la pérdida de productividad en las empresas debido al tabaquismo. El resultado de su estudio demuestra que fumadores actuales perdieron más días en el trabajo y eran menos productivos que fumadores anteriores y no fumadores. El promedio de pérdida de productividad anual era 2623 para no fumadores, 3246 para fumadores anteriores, y 4430 para fumadores actuales (Journal of Occupational…). Tal evidencia señala la imprescindible importancia de este hábito tan destructivo. Si el tiempo y el dinero fueran las únicas dos consecuencias, sería una adicción terrible, pero el tabaquismo también arrebata la salud.

Según “smokingstatistics.org”, el fumar causa 30% de todas las muertes debidas al cáncer en los estados unidos. Los hombres que fuman son veintitrés veces más probables de tener cáncer de los pulmones, y las mujeres son trece veces más probables de enfermarse de lo mismo. El fumar causa 87% de las muertes debidas al cáncer pulmonaria. Estas estadísticas nos sirven de educar, y también esperemos que prevengan que más humanos empiecen en el ciclo adictivo del tabaquismo. Las consecuencias del dinero, la salud, y el tiempo nos pueden convencer, e inspirar para reducir el número de fumadores en nuestro mundo.

 

 

Obras Citadas

40 Reasons to Support Gun Control.” attrition.org. April 13 2009 <http://journals.lww.com/joem/pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2006&issue=10000&article=00018&type=abstract>.

“Bad Ideas, Not Guns, Kill People.” March 11 2000. Capmag.com. April 13 2009 <http://www.smokingstatistics.org/smoking_and_cancer_Know_the_Facts.asp>.

“Common Sense About Kids and Guns”. April 13 2009 <http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?tid=10298&ttype=2>

“Common Sense About Kids and Guns”. April 13 2009

< http://jeremiafroyland.com/time-management/the-impact-of-smoking-on-your-time/>

 

“Common Sense About Kids and Guns”. April 13 2009

< http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/smokers-lose-11-minutes-for-each-cigarette-738122.html>

“Common Sense About Kids and Guns”. April 13 2009

< http://www.sacsconsulting.com/newscenter.asp?Command=ReadArticle&ID=163 >

“Common Sense About Kids and Guns”. April 13 2009

<http://www.netwellness.org/question.cfm/16902.htm>

 

 

Is Hearing Loss Permanent? Not anymore.

by Ryan Hartwig

 

Hearing Loss

When you lose your hearing it is because your hair cells die within the inner ear. Unfortunately, these hair cells don’t regrow.

 

To remedy the effects of hearing loss, you buy hearing aids or cochlear implants.

 

However, hearing aids and cochlear implants basically increase the amplification inside the inner ear, without trying to replace the lost hair cells.

 

Gene Therapy and Stem Cell Injection

New research is exploring the possibility of regrowing your hair cells through gene therapy and stem cell injection.

 

A stem cell is a cell from one part of your body that can transform into another cell, with a different purpose. Neural stem cells are especially good at replacing lost hair cells.

 

A gene called atoh1 is necessary for hair cell formation. By inserting this gene into deaf guinea pigs, the amount of hair cells increased.

 

Disadvantages of Hearing Aids  & Cochlear Implants

Current hearing devices increase volume, but they don’t necessarily increase speech discrimination. Although a hearing impaired individual may hear you, he may not understand you.

 

Speech intelligibility is the main drawback for current auditory therapies.

 

Through the use of biotechnologies such as gene therapy and stem cell injection, speech intelligibility may become a problem of the past.

 

Song without words (Felix Mendelssohn)

Have you ever wanted to hear a song, but not listen to the words? Perhaps someday we’ll have a car radio that not only has a volume control, but also an intelligibility control, for those sublime moments when we don’t really want to hear the lyrics.

 

 

This post was based on an article from the The ASHA Leader newsletter, titled “From High-Tech to Biotech: Using Stem Cell and Gene Therapy to Treat Hearing Loss”, by Mark A. Parker, June 7, 2011.

See the article here

 

genetherapy

Figure 4. Gene therapy causes supporting cells to adopt hair cell characteristics. Gene therapy

involves inserting a given gene into a virus that will then insert the gene into each cell with which it comes in contact. Engineered adenovirus particles that carried the atoh1 gene were injected into the cochleae of chemically deafened adult guinea pigs. Guinea pigs injected with the atoh1 gene had better ABR threshold and exhibited more hair cells than controls injected with virus particles lacking the atoh1 gene. Arrowheads in the far right panel highlight extra sterocilia bundles. Asterisk marks the site of injection into the scala media. Adapted from Macmillan Publishers Ltd: Nature Medicine (Izumikawa et al., 2005), © 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

A rap a day…

Listen to it here: A rap a day…

 

A rap a day keeps the doctor away

 

Apples and lettuce, all of them is good

When you see the doctor, you feel like you should

 

But them brownies ain’t got good stuff in ’em

They damage your body like a poison or venom

 

Tomatoes are red, like the rhythm of your heart

Blueberries are chillin’, and taste a little tart

 

So learn your lesson, and eat a little more

Of them fruits and veggies, your nutrition is poor.

 

A rap a day keeps the doctor away

 

(lyrics and music by Ryan Hartwig)